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Stephen Regelous

Digital Effects

The name Stephen Regelous is often associated with crowded battlefields. After creating software programmes for film, Regelous designed Massive for The Lord of the Rings trilogy. The programme generates up to half a million independent 'agents', driven by artificial intelligence. Earning Regelous an Academy Award, Massive has since been used in 70+ feature films, from Inception to the jungle scenes in Avatar.

Massive [Regelous' software] endows each character with a digital brain and gives it the power to act completely on its own. In an AI sense, the characters fighting in Helm's Deep are, well, fighting ... Dan Koeppel on Massive's Lord of the Rings work, in Popular Science, December 2002