Alister Barry remains one of that rare breed of New Zealand documentary filmmakers: one whose work has regularly won showings on Kiwi cinema screens. Barry's documentaries reflect his interest in how decisions made by policy-makers and employers have affected ordinary New Zealanders' lives.
Barclay has stated that his aim is make documentaries that are useful, innovative and entertaining. "What my films have in common", he said in 1996, "is my concern with how power is exercised in a democracy".
Barry grew up in Auckland, the son of devout protestants. His father and grandfather were both opticians. Barry's university studies were characterised by variety. He found himself especially influenced by readings in anthropology, which argued for the importance played by culture in people's perceptions and understanding.
Afterwards Barry got involved in many of the issues bubbling in the first half of the 70s — including opposing the Vietnam War, nuclear testing, and All Black tours of South Africa. He decided to put his growing interest in documentary filmmaking to service "as a useful contribution to the debates and campaigns" of the times.
In 1973 Barry and his camera joined the crew of a protest boat to Mururoa atoll, where the French Government continued to test nuclear weapons. After French commandos boarded the boat, Barry was permitted to continue filming; as he finished each roll of film he hid them at various points around the boat. Barry edited the footage into a film in his bedroom, after getting advice from an editor. Mururoa 1973 proved an auspicious beginning, winning a primetime screening on Kiwi television, and sales to Europe (he would return to the topic in 1988, producing and researching A Nuclear Free Pacific / Niuklia Fri Pasifik, which examined the role played by the South Pacific in the nuclear arms race.)
Following Mururoa, Barry worked as a news cameraman for the NZBC. In 1975 he relocated from Auckland to Wellington, to join film company Talking Pictures. During this period he became friends with filmmaker Rod Prosser and future film director and lecturer Russell Campbell. In 1979 the trio formalized their filmmaking partnership under the title Vanguard Films, and over the next three decades have taken turns directing and assisting on each other's documentary projects.
The same year Barry worked on two projects outside the Vanguard umbrella, putting his camera skills to the cause of Greg Stitt's controversial Corso poverty documentary A Fair Deal, one of many documentaries he has helped shoot. Barry also worked as key grip during the arduous shoot of Goodbye Pork Pie (the grip is responsible for setting up camera and lighting equipment.)
The early 80s proved a busy time for Barry and the Vanguard team. A Century of Struggle looked at the history of the New Zealand Seamen's Union, and included footage of the 1951 waterfront strike. Meanwhile the doco Wildcat, also directed by the Vanguard trio, backgrounded a 1977 strike by the NZ Timberworkers' Union, and battles within the union.
The Vanguard team were also co-directing the Media Peace award-winning Islands of the Empire, a study of military relationships between New Zealand and America. The shoot saw the trio documenting the closure of a US Air Force observatory, near Lake Tekapo.
In 1982 Barry was credited as researcher on a TV project he had worked on for many years: the three-part Vietnam - The New Zealand Story. The project marked the first time that Barry worked with longtime collaborator Ian Johnstone. Over the next decade Barry continued to work in film, including shooting footage for Merata Mita's Patu!.
In 1993 Barry's outrage at Rogernomics motivated a three and a half year project: Someone Else's Country, which he writes about here. Completed for less than $40,000 ($26,000 of it supplied by an Arts Council grant), the doco documents the period of Rogernomics beginning under the 1984 Labour Government.
The filmmaking process would be repeated on his next two projects - an extended period of research, funded by a Screen Innovation Grant from the Arts Council; then raiding a range of archives for material, and conducting on-camera interviews.
Initially the main networks refused to screen Someone Else's Country (though the doco did play on music channel Max TV, and seven years later won a screening on TV One.) One reason given was that John Carlaw's Revolution: The Great Divide covered similar ground. But the film won good audiences at the 1996 round of film festivals, and sold many copies on videotape. As he writes in his NZ On Screen perspective of In A Land of Plenty, Country's "surprising success" spurred him on to consider if there might be "a wide New Zealand audience for another feature length documentary about our recent political history."
In a Land of Plenty proved there was. The topic this time was unemployment. Barry's research led him to conclude that new theories by politicians and policy-makers best explained the recent rise in New Zealand unemployment. In a Land of Plenty attracted large audiences in the 2002 round of film festivals, and sold roughly 1500 copies on video. The film later screened on TV One and on Māori Television.
Barry's A Civilised Society (2007) takes another angle on the changes resulting from Rogernomics. Civilised Society examines some of the effects of New Right thinking on public education.
In 2008 Barry unveiled arguably his most high profile documentary to date. While researching the techniques used by the National Party during the 2005 election campaign, he discovered author Nicky Hager was working on similar material, for his book The Hollow Men.
The two then collaborated on a film of the same title. The material had major storytelling challenges, especially that of bringing to life a story for which much of the key information existed only as emails. Barry argued that he hoped The Hollow Men would provide a better understanding of "the mechanisms of manipulation used by right wing politicians".
The Hollow Men's film festival success spurred further screenings across New Zealand. Reviewing the film in The Dominion Post, Graeme Tuckett called it "a diligent and unimpeachable re-examination" of the events exposed by Hager's book.
Barry next began the extended process of making Hot Air, which documents two decades of climate change politics down under. This time Barry directed alongside Operation 8's Abi King-Jones, who had worked as editor on his previous two projects. Barry has described the film as a story of "compromise, broken promises and corporate pressure, of misinformation and pseudo-scientific propaganda". After debuting at the 2014 round of the International Film Festival, Hot Air was nominated for a Rialto NZ Film Award for Best Documentary.
Over the years Barry has also provided camerawork for a number of poetry-inspired films directed by Richard Turner, including Māori poetry piece Te Tutakinga o Nga Awa e Rua.
'Alister Barry: Making political films from Murorua 1973 to Hot Air...' NZ On Screen website. Accessed 9 February 2016. Loaded 9 February 2016
Alister Barry, 'Someone Else's Country - A Director's Perspective'. NZ On Screen website. Loaded 7 May 2009. Accessed 7 May 2009
Alister Barry, 'In a Land of Plenty - A Director's Perspective'. NZ On Screen website. Loaded 19 November 2009. Accessed 19 November 2009
Alister Barry, 'Hot Air: The Sorry Tale of Climate Policy in New Zealand'. Hot Topic website. Loaded 23 July 2014. Accessed 25 July 2014
Hot Air website. Accessed 25 July 2014
The Hollow Men website (Broken link). Accessed 25 July 2014