This third episode of Mike King’s Treaty series heads north. After the 43 signatures at Waitangi on 6 February 1840, Queen Victoria decreed that more were needed for the Treaty to gain legitimacy, and Governor William Hobson took the Waitangi Sheet to the people. King talks to Professor Pat Hohepa about the influence missionaries had, and his tīpuna Mohi Tāwhai. He visits key Northland locales — where he hears of anti-Treaty Pākehā like ‘Cannibal’ Jack Marmon — and meets Rima Edwards, a descendant of Nōpera Panakareao, who recalls his ancestor’s reading of the Treaty as offering the Queen's protective "shadow", while allowing Māori to retain sovereignty.
Only the shadow of the land passes to the Queen. The substance stays with us, the Māori people.– Te Pātū leader Nōpera Panakareao's much quoted line about the Treaty of Waitangi
Made with funding from NZ On Air
Theme song 'Ancestors' written by Moana Maniapoto, & performed by Moana and the Tribe
Features songs performed by Moana and the Tribe